According to a new report, women have been able to close the pay gap with men in several US metropolitan areas and have surpassed their male counterparts in many cities.
The Pew Research Center analyzed Censes Bureau data and found that in 22 of 250 U.S. metropolitan areas, women under 30 earn the same or more than their male counterparts. New York and Washington, DC, are among the cities where young women earn more than young men, according to the study.
The report also found that earnings parity tends to be higher in the early years of entering the labor market. The pay gap tends to widen over time. In 2000, a typical woman between the ages of 16 and 29 earned 88% of a similar young man. But in 2019, when band members were between the ages of 35 and 48, women made up an average of just 80% of their male peers.
And while the gap may have been narrowed in many US cities, nationally there is still some way to go.
The Institute for Women’s Policy Research says full-time working women in the United States are paid 83 cents on the dollar compared to men.
The disparity is even greater when comparing all women who worked in 2020 with all men who worked, regardless of the number of hours and weeks they clocked. In this case, women were typically only paid 77 cents on the dollar, the institute said.
Those most affected by the pay gap are women of color, who are disproportionately represented in minimum-wage and low-wage jobs. The institute said while the pay gap narrowed last year for all women compared to men, it widened for Asian, Black and Hispanic women.
Last year, the Biden administration created a Gender Policy Council within the White House aimed at promoting gender equality. The council includes a special assistant to the president who focuses specifically on “policies to advance equity for Black, Indigenous, and Latina women and girls of color,” according to council co-chair Jennifer Klein.
Earlier this year, the Biden administration said it was committed to ending the gender pay gap for federal workers and contractors, with the president issuing an executive order preventing federal agencies from asking questions about a candidate’s salary history in the process.
“Wage transparency creates responsibility and accountability, well, it drives progress,” Vice President Harris said of the order, adding that it will help “build a fairer, more efficient economy. and fairer”.
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